The oldest car in the world
If we talk about the oldest car in the world, our shadow will be directed to the Ford Model T. That is understandable, the article the car has entered into the history of the car taught in schools in the United States.
The birth of the Ford Model T was one of Henry Ford’s contributions to mass production cars. But, if we talk deeper about the oldest car in the world, the Ford Model T will enter the lowest list of the oldest cars in the world.
Because the oldest car in the world is not fueled by gasoline, but steam power. The oldest gasoline-powered car was not built until 1885 when Karl Benz produced the Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Finally, diesel and gasoline engines have proven to be easier to mass-produce.
The machine also proved to be more predictable and reliable and could be operated economically. The Cheatsheet page has released 5 of the oldest cars in the world. What models is that? Let’s reveal one by one.
1. Cugnot Fardier
Cugnot Fardier is the first ‘self-propelled’ vehicle to transport humans. The first car in the world is the result of innovation from engineers in the French Army namely Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot. The question of Cugnot Fardier as the first ‘self-propelled’ in the world is still being debated.
Because, in 1672 Ferdinand Verbiest had already introduced the design of a steam-powered car, but because the dimensions were too small and did not have enough space for the driver and impossible to build. Steam power has been used since the beginning of 1,700 for water pumping machines from mines or lifting heavy equipment.
At that time, it was not yet known how to convert the back and forth forward motion to the rotary motion to turn the wheel. Cugnot managed to solve this problem and in 1769 built a full-size prototype vehicle based on a model he made six years earlier.
His Steam Dray has three wheels with iron rims, two wheels behind and one wheel in front. The vehicle designed to transport the artillery carried the front boiler and the two-cylinder engine that was placed on the front wheels. At the time of operation, the Cugnot car must stop every 10-12 minutes to rebuild the steam pressure so that the vehicle can resume its journey.
This vehicle has a top speed of only 1 mph or around 1.6 km/hour. Cugnot Fardier is currently one of the collections owned by the Musee des Arts et Metiers museum in the City of Paris, France.
2. Hancock Omnibus
The Hancock Omnibus was built by British inventor Walter Hancock and can be considered the first commercially successful steam-powered vehicle in the world. That said, Cugnot Fardier was the most successful investor in the military, and Hancock Omnibus was the most successful inventor of passenger vehicles in the world.
He successfully carried passengers between London and Paddington. The nine carriages he built could carry around 4,000 passengers between 1832 and 1834.
3. Grenville Steam Carriage
In 1875, Robert Neville Grenville of Butleigh, Glastonbury, Somerset, England began to design his steam train. In that era, the majority of cars were made ‘handmade’ or made by hand and the operational costs were fairly expensive.
The Grenville train looks more like a locomotive than a car, but its passenger capacity is limited, only accommodating seven passengers. Besides, one of the passengers has to ‘feed’ the steam engine to maintain speed.
4. La Marquise
La Marquise is one of the oldest cars in the world. Built-in 1884 by three French citizens namely De Dion, Bouton and Trépardoux. The car is a quadricycle prototype called La Marquise (the name of the mother of De Dion).
In 1887, Count of Dion drove La Marquise at an exhibition and also mentioned that the car was the first race car in the world, although at that time no other cars were on display. La Marquise can be driven up to 16 mph or about 25.7 km/hour. The following year, La Marquise can beat Bouton (three-wheeled vehicles) with an average speed of 18 mph or around 28.9 km/hour.
The fuel itself uses coal, wood, and pieces of paper, the vehicle takes between 30-40 minutes to build enough steam so the vehicle can be operated. The top speed reaches 38 mph or around 61 km/hour.
As the oldest car, La Marquise has the right to wear the racing number “0” at the London to Brighton Veterans Car Run 1996. This vehicle was successfully sold at the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance in 2007 with a fantastic price tag of 3.52 million US dollars or around Rp. 46.9 billion. Then resold in 2011 with a tag of 4.6 million United States dollars or around Rp. 61.3 billion, a record for the first-generation car in the world.
5. Benz Patent-Motorwagen alerts 1886
In the history of cars, Benz Patent Motorwagen is recognized as the first gasoline-powered car in the world. It was built in 1885, not patented until 1886.
This car is powered by a 954 cc centrifugal engine, single-cylinder, which can spew out power by two-thirds of horsepower. Initially, the supply of fuel to the engine through evaporation.
However, Benz then added a carburetor to the next model. He then went further by adding leather brake shoes in 1887.